Frequently asked questions

Using EMS Reference

We know everyone learns differently, which is why we've provided multiple ways to navigate our content.

  • If you know what you're looking for, use our search bar to quickly pull up related articles, glossary terms, photos, and contributors.
  • If you want to explore the concepts on our site, select a content type from the navigation bar at the top, and use the sidebar menu on the left to browse through the sections you are interested in.
  • If you just want to check out the latest info, visit the Home and Articles pages.

EMS Reference is a free, comprehensive website with updated, best-available information for EMS instructors, students and field providers. The goal of EMS Reference is to comprehensively and conscientiously address the practice of paramedicine. To learn more, visit About EMS Reference.

Article content

There are three types of content in EMS Reference:

  • Glossary Terms
  • Articles
  • Photos

Each type is further organized into these 13 sections:

  • Airway & Respiratory
  • Assessment
  • Cardiac
  • EMS Operations
  • Medicine
  • Other
  • Pharmacology
  • Preparatory
  • Procedures
  • Public Health
  • Shock & Resuscitation
  • Special Patient Populations
  • Trauma

EMS Reference requires references for all cited materials. Those references are checked by reviewers and formatted by our editors using the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals. They are also reviewed annually when articles are updated.


The EMS Reference is an ongoing integrative resource published by:
2136 Ford Parkway #168
Saint Paul, MN 55116

The EMS Reference ISSN is 2471-2264.

Our content is always evolving, expanding in breadth, and being updated alongside shifts in current best practices. We employ a web-based publication system and a dedicated group of well-versed subject matter experts to ensure this evolution is fast yet scientifically rigorous.

Our contributors are subject matter experts who have volunteered as authors, editors and reviewers. They include instructors, field paramedics, and emergency medicine physicians based all over the US and Australia.

Get involved

Interested in writing for EMS Reference? Check out our Author guidelines.
Want to review EMS Reference articles? Read our Reviewer guidelines.
Have images or videos you want to share? Review our Photographer guidelines.

We put great trust in our content, its authors and its reviewers, and we welcome post-publication review by our readers. If you find an error, or dispute any of our content, please contact us to alert our Editorial Director, Jennifer Berry.